Swedish Minister of Education, Mr. Jan Björklund
inaugurates the August 23 international Day Of Remembrance
for the victims of Communism and National Socialism

Click here for this page in Swedish »

Mr. Jan Björklund inaugurates Day of Remembrance for the victims of Communism and Nazism

For the second consecutive year, the IICC/UOK arranged a memorial event on August 23 at Norrmalmstorg square in central Stockholm, honoring the international Day Of Remembrance for the victims of Communism, National Socialism and other totalitarian ideologies.

The event was inaugurated with a keynote speech by the Minister of Education, Mr. Jan Björklund, and a letter from EU Minister Birgitta Ohlsson was read out to the participants.

Jan Björklund, Camilla Andersson (IICC/UOK) at the August 23 Day of Remembrance

The Day of Remembrance was honored internationally with events around Europe, in the United States, Canada and in Latin America.

The memorial was arranged in accordance with the international resolutions that have been passed regarding the crimes of totalitarian regimes, chiefly the resolutions of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 2006, the OSCE (The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) of 2009, and the European Parliament of 2009.

In addition to Minister of Education Mr. Björklund and EU Minister Mrs. Ohlsson, two authors of internationally passed resolutions on the subject attened to deliver speeches, Mr. Gunnar Hökmark (Member of the European Parliament) and Mr. Göran Lindblad, Chairman of the Swedish Delegation and Vice President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council Of Europe.

Other speakers during the event were Mrs. Camilla Andersson (Founder and Director of the IICC/UOK, founder of the Alliance for Human Rights and Reconciliation) and Mr. Anders Hjemdahl (Founder IICC/UOK), Mrs. Walburga Habsburg Douglas (Member of the Swedish Parliament, Head of the Swedish OSCE Delegation, arranger of the PanEuropean Picnic by the Iron Curtain), Mrs. Anna Kinberg Batra (Member of the Swedish Parliament and Chairman of the Swedish Parliamentary Delegation to the European Parliament, Mrs. Mae Liz Orrego Wennick (Program Officer at SILC-Swedish International Liberal Center, Cuban exile), Mrs. Désirée Pethrus Engström, Member of the Swedish Parliament, Mr. Fredrick Federley (Member of the Swedish Parliament, Center Party), samt Mrs. Yi Zhang, Free Chinese media journalist (member of Reporters Without Borders and SHRIC - Supporting Human Rights In China).


Gunnar Hökmark, Anna Kinberg Batra, Anders Hjemdahl, Mae Liz Orrego Wennick

A large number of embassies from previously Communist-controlled countries were represented at the event, which was attended by several hundred participants from more than 30 countries.

The Day Of Remembrance was concluded by a wreath laying ceremony by Mrs. Andersson and Minister Björklund at the Fountain Of Freedom monument (a monument dedicated to the Baltic refugees from Communism), and a silent minute in remembrance of the victims and in honor of the freedom fighters.

Minister of Education Mr. Jan Björklund and Mrs. Camilla Andersson at the Fountain of Freedom
Minister of Education Mr. Jan Björklund and IICC Director Mrs. Camilla Andersson at the Fountain of Freedom memorial

Krans till minne av nazismens och kommunismens offer

"In memory of the triumph of liberty and in memory of the victims of nazism and communism"

Minister of Education Mr. Jan Björklund
Contact Camilla Hansson
Phone +46 702 069909

Day Of Remembrance
Contact Camilla Andersson
Phone +46 709 429201

Concerning the August 23 date
On August 23, 1939 a pact of cooperation and non-aggression, popularly known as the Molotov - Ribbentrop pact, was signed between the German Reich and the Soviet Union. The pact.
In the pacts secret addendas, whose existence were denied by Communist parties in both the East and the West, the countries of Eastern Europe were divided between the two dictatorships, thus enabling the German and Soviet attack on Poland and directly causing the start of World War II.

The pact also led to the Soviet attack on Finland and the occupations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Because of the historical significance of the date, August 23 has been chosen a Day Of remembrance to honor the victims of both National Socialism and Communism.


By the European Parliament:
"- having regard to Resolution 1481 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 26 January 2006 on the need for international condemnation of the crimes of totalitarian Communist regimes,
- having regard to its declaration on the proclamation of 23 August as European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism adopted on 23 September 2008"

"15.The European Calls for the proclamation of 23 August as a Europe-wide Remembrance Day for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, to be commemorated with dignity and impartiality"

OSCE:s resolution:
"The resolution, titled “Reunification of divided Europe” and put forward by Lithuania and Slovenia, states that Europe has suffered from two totalitarian regimes: the Nazi and the Stalinist. Both brought about genocide and crimes against humanity. For a final and Europe-wide condemnation of totalitarianism, the OSCE resolution offered to set a Nazism/Stalinism remembrance day on August 23."

Resolution by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council Of Europe:


The Black Ribbon Day Resolution in the House of Commons Nov 30, 2009 Canada.

Crimes of the Communist Regimes

On January 17, 2011, the founders of the IICC, Anders Hjemdahl and Camilla Andersson, were awarded the Order of Terra Mariana by Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves

Former Estonian President Mart Laar and Camilla Andersson in joint seminar at the Nordic Bookfair, September 27
History behind the Iron Curtain in Stockholm
Kommunismens brott fördöms av Europaparlamentet
Människan i världen
A Platform of European Memory and Conscience
Katyn - galapremiär
Gothenburg Book Fair
Camilla Andersson och Litauens president
Paul Hollander
Imbi Paju
Anne Applebaum
Kriget efter kriget
Kommunismens brott mot mänskligheten
Att tro men inte veta
  Monument över kommunismens
offer invigt i Washington, DC
Clear Wisdom